All you need to know about Tennis : history, rules, tournaments, popularity
Soccer is the most popular sport nowadays, but tennis is also not far behind the popularity list. Tennis is the most favoured sport in the world. People of all ages, young and old, can play this game.
Tennis and its history
Tennis is a French sport. This game originated in France. The time was the 12th century when people in France started to hit a ball with bare hands. After that, they used gloves to hit the ball. In the 16th century, people used rackets instead of gloves. Although this game is from France, it has gained popularity in England.
Then in 1882, the journey of tennis began with the formation of the Leamington Spa Club. The official start of tennis began in Birmingham, England, through the Wimbledon Championship in 1887. The International Tennis Federation was formed in 1924.
Type of game
In tennis, as in other sports, the two sides face each other. There are two types of tennis:
- Single: In singles, there is one player for each side.
- Double: There are two players on each side
Type of tennis court
There are variations on the tennis court, like the type of the game. Professional tennis is usually played on three types of courts. The only difference between these courts is the lower part of the foot. The following are some examples of such courts:
Clay court: There are two types of clay court – red and green court. The speed of the ball is relatively low on the clay court. It makes the ball spin more. The French Open is played on the red clay court.
Hardcourt: This court is made of concrete, acrylic, and asphalt. The Australian and US open matches are played on this court. In this court, the ball bounces much more, and the speed is faster.
Grass Court: The court is made of grass. Wimbledon Championship is played on this surface. The ball bounces too much on this court, the speed is also much higher.
The type of the court is determined based on the type of match. In singles, the court is 78 feet long and 27 feet wide. And in doubles matches, the court remains the same, in length 36 feet wide.
With the tennis bat in hand, the two sides stand on either side of the net. One side will serve the ball from inside the baseline of the court. The one who will pass the ball is the server. And the one who will deal the ball from the other side of the net is called the receiver. If there is any mistake while serving the ball, the server gets a chance to pass the second time. However, if you make a mistake to pass the ball for the second time, the receiver gains points as a double fault. If the service goes correctly, the game starts from here. Thus the battle sending the ball back to the opponent’s court continues. If one side fails to send the ball back to the opponent’s court, the other side gains points.
If the receiver cannot return the ball after serving the ball, the server will get 1 point. And if the server makes a mistake while passing the ball twice, the receiver will gain 1 point. In tennis, 1, 2, 3 points are calculated in this way, but 15, 30, 40 calculated in this way. Going to the fourth point is the game. Advance is to be one point ahead, Deuce if the points are equal. To win a game, you have to be at least 2 points ahead of the opponent. Otherwise, the game continues. Just like this, a set is made up of six games. A player can win if he can win six games with a gap of at least two games with the opposing player. In a set, if there is a tie in 6-7 games, then the game has a tiebreaker round.
The Grand Slam is a combination of four tennis tournaments. The player who wins all four of these is called the Grand Slam winner. These four tournaments are the Australian Open, the French Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open.
This tournament takes place in January every year. It is the first Grand Slam tournament of the year. The first tournament was held in 1905. The single winner in the girls’ section of the match gets the ‘Depne Eckhart Memoria’ trophy and the boys’ win the ‘Norman Brookes Challenge Cup’ trophy. Since 2010, 2.2 million has been added to the trophy in both cases.
This tournament takes place in May-June every year. It is the only Grand Slam tournament that is played on a clay court. This tournament was first held in France in 1891.
In March 2007, for the first time an equal prize money was announced for boys and girls, and the amount was 1.12 million Euro. As for the runners up, the amount was 500k Euro.
Held every year in the 3rd week of June, this is the oldest tennis tournament. There is no change in this period. It is the most elite and popular tournament in tennis. It is also ahed in terms of money. And there are traditional issues.
Only Wimbledon games are played on grass courts.
The fourth Grand Slam is the US Open. It takes place in August-September of the year. The tournament began in 1881 as a source of entertainment for America’s elite.
According to Forbes, Roger Federer is the wealthiest athlete in the world. He is a Swiss player. He is a star tennis player who has won 20 Grand Slam men’s singles titles. Federer is the No.1 in ATP rankings with a record of 310 weeks, just before Novak Djokovic.
About Tennis played around the world
The countries where tennis is mostly played (according to regional popularity):
- New Zealand
And many more countries on the list.